Linux/Unix Web Hosting
Linux is now recognized worldwide as an enduring network, file/print, and web server operating system. As time has proven, the Linux/LAMP server continues to be a strong option to reliably serving web pages and running web-based applications.
Per netcraft.com, "…Apache continued to take market share from Microsoft servers…" during a March 2005 web server survey of 60 million web sites.
The advantages of Linux-based web hosting surround the premises of reliability, security, functionality, and price.
In the case of reliability, there have been documented cases of Linux/Unix servers running for one year without technical difficulty or downtime. This is amazing, considering the fact that web hosting servers with Microsoft operating systems are notorious for needing scheduled reboots to refresh system resources.
Security is a bittersweet advantage. While out-of-the box installations may have known security vulnerabilities, Linux is continually evolving patches to make the operating system more bullet-proof, and overall, provide a greater degree of security than most Windows-based installations.
Lastly, price is a major advantage of Linux based web hosting, as distributions and flavors of Linux come in affordable ranges. Since Linux is available in these open source distributions, savings are generally passed to the customers.
Linux/Unix web hosting has the drawback of not being able to accommodate Windows-based applications and coding conventions. ASP coding, modules, and extensions specific to Microsoft generally cannot be run from Linux web servers. This can make a website coded specifically for a Windows platform obsolete.